Optics Business Segment
Optical Components Group
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Optical Components Group Aspheres Extreme Precision Optics Super Finishing Optical Windows High Fluence Products Transmission Spheres & Flats Precision Reference Surfaces Optical Mirrors Corner Cube Retroreflectors High Precision Prisms Spherical Optics Thin Plate Optics Glass & Ceramic Machining Semiconductor Stage Components Coatings High-Precision Optical Windows
Super Finishing High Spatial Frequency Roughness (HSFR) <1 Å rms over spatial periods of 10 nm to 1 mm
Super Finished Advanced Virgo Detector Optic
• <1Å over a wide band of spatial periods (10 nm to 1 mm)
• Can be performed on any size optic, up to meter-class
• Materials: Fused Silica, Sapphire, YAG, etc.
Power Spectral Density plot of Super Finishing Process (click to enlarge)
AFM measurement of Super Finished Surface
(click to enlarge)
Surface Roughness Measurement of an optic before and after Super Finishing
ZYGO's Super Finishing process produces extremely smooth surfaces over a wide power spectral density (PSD) band on materials such as fused silica, sapphire, YAG, etc. Our unique process (also known as Super Polishing) is capable of producing a surface roughness of < 1 Angstrom (< 0.1 nm), over spatial periods ranging from 10 nm to 1 mm.
This Super Finishing process can be accomplished on any size optic that we process, all the way up to meter-class optics. Super Finishing is most often performed on plano optics, like windows and mirrors, but can also be done on spherical or aspherical surfaces.
Why Super Finishing?Super Finished surfaces are often required for applications where it is critical to reduce the scattering of light as it passes through the surface of an optic. This is especially important in applications using short wavelengths (such as X-ray optics), photolithography (especially EUV lithography), Fabry-Perot etalons, and instruments for high-performance telescopes, among many other applications.
Not All Super Finishes are the SameCaution – when evaluating suppliers of precision optics, be sure to confirm what they define as "Super Finishing". The term "Super Finishing" (or "Super Polishing") does not have a standard industry-wide definition, so each supplier will have their own. Ask for the specifications of the surface they provide.
ZYGO has stringent specifications for our Super Finished surfaces (verified by ZYGO's world-class metrology). Our process is capable of producing a surface roughness of under 1 Angstrom (< 0.1 nm) over a wide range of spatial bands, i.e. from 10 nm to 1 mm. Other suppliers of Super Polished surfaces typically provide the desired roughness over a range of only 10 nm to 1 µm.
Surface Finish vs. Surface FormSuper Finishing and Super Polishing refer to the "roughness" of a surface, and is completely independent of surface form, which refers to the overall flatness or curvature of the surface. It is possible to have an optic with excellent surface form, but an inadequately smooth surface finish, and vice versa. The surface finish and surface form have very different specifications, so be sure to know what you need for each. ZYGO will be happy to help you determine these values based on your application.
Inquiry/Quote Form – Super FinishingPlease use the form below to contact us with any questions you have regarding Super Finishing, or any of ZYGO's Optics business segment's products, services, or capabilities. You may send any additional information, including specifications and/or prints, to:
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